Esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is a rare congenital
malformation. Digestive and nutritional problems remain frequent in children with EA both in early
infancy and at long-term follow-up. These patients are at major risk of presenting with gastroesophageal reflux and its complications, such as anastomotic strictures. Esophageal dysmotility is constant, and can have important consequences on feeding and nutritional status. Patients with EA need a systematic follow-up with a multidisciplinary team.