With improvements in surgical techniques and intensive care treatments, the focus of care of patients born with esophageal atresia has shifted from mortality to morbidity and quality-of-life issues. These patients face gastrointestinal (GI) problems not only in early childhood but also through adolescence and adulthood.
There is, however, currently a lack of a systematic approach to the care of these patients. The GI working group of International Network on Esophageal Atresia comprises members from ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN and
was charged with the task of developing uniform evidence-based guidelines for the management of GI complications in children with EA.